A diet that minimizes food intake five days a month can reduce cardiovascular risk factors. People with higher baseline values benefited most.
The fasting mimicking diet (FMD) developed by the study authors limits fasting to five days a month. During this time, the participants do not have to completely do without food. You can consume 1,090 kilocalories on the first day and 725 kilocalories each on the following four days.
Around a hundred subjects aged between 20 and 70 years tested the diet for three months each. 71 subjects held out until the end. The subjects lost 2.6 kg on average. The weight loss only affected the adipose tissue. The waist circumference decreased by 4.1 cm. The body mass index dropped by 2.1 points (from 27.4 to 25.3 kg / m2).
In addition, blood pressure decreased by 4.5 / 3.1 mm Hg. The growth factor IGF 1 decreased by 21.7 to 46.2 ng / ml to values associated with a reduced risk of cancer.
Triglycerides, cholesterol and fasting blood sugar also improved, with the effects largely limited to participants with elevated baseline values. Click here to go to the abstract of the study. (pm)