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Despite the danger of resistance: antibiotics for colds
A cold usually runs without major problems and usually heals within a few days if you rest and use the right means. However, many people are prescribed antibiotics for colds, although such drugs do not work against viruses.
Four out of ten employees on sick leave for a cold
Runny nose, cough, headache: colds often flatten people in Germany. According to the latest health report from the Techniker Krankenkasse (TK), statistically, in 2015, an average of almost four out of ten employees who are insured with TK were on sick leave from their doctor because of a cold.
Antibiotics do not work against viruses
To alleviate the typical complaints such as hoarseness, runny nose or sore throat, medication is often quickly used. According to the report, every fifth person (20.5 percent) who is on sick leave for one to three days due to a cold is prescribed antibiotics. Four years earlier, in 2011, it was almost one in three (28.8 percent). But antibiotics only work against bacteria, not against viruses.
Treat colds yourself
A flu infection, the "simple" cold can be caught several times a year. The symptoms start slowly and subside after a few days. This is a known difference between cold and flu. The latter occurs suddenly.
For self-treatment for flu and colds, it is important, among other things, to drink a lot and to rest. There are also many home remedies that help against colds.
Medicines only make a limited contribution to faster recovery. And according to experts, antibiotics do not make sense for colds or flu because they do not work against viruses. There is at most one exception here if those affected have caught a bacterial infection in addition to the viruses.
Decline in regulation due to discussion about resistance
As stated in a communication from the TK, the discussion about antibiotic resistance may have caused the prescription to decline slightly. When used in a targeted manner, such preparations are one of the most important and effective means in the fight against bacterial infections, on the other hand, incorrect use leads to the opposite effect. Multi-resistant pathogens can form. Resistance has become very common.
Nevertheless, antibiotics are often prescribed only on suspicion, as several state associations of the German company health insurance companies (BKK) reported in the summer.
The German government recently announced its German antibiotic resistance strategy (DART 2020). Patients can also do a lot to protect themselves and prevent multi-resistant pathogens from spreading.
Hardy Müller from the TK Scientific Institute (WINEG) explained: "In hospitals, for example, the most effective method of prevention is consistent hand disinfection." (Ad)