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XXL report: Being fat makes you sick and lonely
Obese people not only have to fight against being overweight, but often also against prejudice and social exclusion. According to a current survey, the majority of Germans find obese people to be unaesthetic.
More and more Germans are too fat
More and more people worldwide are overweight and obese. In 2014 alone, around seven million people were on therapy for obesity in Germany alone. Compared to 2006, this was an increase of 14 percent. Those affected have to fight not only against their extra pounds, but mostly also against prejudice and social exclusion, as a recent study shows.
Obese people are stigmatized and marginalized
The fat people are, the more they feel discriminated against, researchers from the Integrated Research and Treatment Center (IFB) obesity diseases at the University of Leipzig found in a study last year.
A current analysis by the health insurance company DAK-Gesundheit shows that this is not only felt. The "XXL report: opinions and assessments of overweight and obesity" shows that obese people in Germany are often stigmatized and marginalized. According to this, 71 percent of the population find overweight people unaesthetic. Every eighth consciously avoids contact with those affected.
Common disease with over 60 comorbidities
According to a DAK message, the Forsa survey also showed that the majority of respondents believe that obese people are to blame for the extra pounds and are too lazy to lose weight.
Obesity has long been a common disease caused by many factors. Studies have shown that obesity can trigger more than 60 comorbidities. These include diseases of the vessels and the cardiovascular system such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease or arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
In addition, obesity increases the risk of joint wear (arthrosis), diabetes, and cancer. According to health experts, even minimal weight loss would have significant positive effects.
Every fourth adult is obese
According to the DAK, every fourth German adult between the ages of 18 and 79 is obese. That is 16 million people. Women and men are affected equally. The proportion of patients with extreme obesity (BMI over 40) more than doubled between 1999 and 2013.
The body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the body weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters. Adults with a BMI over 25 are classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as overweight, and with a value over 30 are severely overweight.
Slightly overweight is rated positively
According to the "XXL report" of the DAK-Gesundheit, slight overweight is usually still accepted in our society and in some cases even rated positively, but "obese people have a difficult lot in our society. They fight against extra pounds and prejudices, ”said DAK board member Thomas Bodmer. An awareness campaign is intended to help put an end to the stigmatization of those affected. (ad)