Large redness: red wine can be intolerable
Red wine is actually healthy, but not everyone can tolerate it. An itchy rash, shortness of breath and headache can develop even after consuming small amounts. The cause of the symptoms can be the histamine contained in the wine.
Not all people tolerate red wine
According to experts, red wine - enjoyed in moderation - can be healthy. Studies have shown that the resveratrol contained in red wine has positive effects in diseases such as hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis), Alzheimer's, arthritis or heart diseases. However, other substances contained can ensure that some people do not tolerate the delicious grape juice well. Those affected may experience unpleasant reactions after consuming small amounts of wine. The substance histamine can be to blame.
Histamine cannot be broken down properly
"Large reddening of the skin is a typical sign," said Sonja Lämmel from the German Allergy and Asthma Association (DAAB) in a message from the dpa news agency. Other symptoms of histamine intolerance (histamine intolerance) can include itching, headache, difficulty breathing, rapid heartbeat, nausea and gastrointestinal complaints. “Histamine intolerance is not an allergy, but a breakdown,” says Lämmel. "But it often acts like an allergy and is sometimes treated as such." Those affected lack the enzyme that breaks down the histamine in the body. According to experts, the diagnosis or differentiation from other food allergies and intolerances is often difficult in practice, since the symptoms often hardly differ.
It can depend on the vintage
However, not every red wine contains the same amount of histamine. The salary cannot only vary from variety to variety. "The fluctuation range of the histamine content in food depends on the freshness, ripeness and type of food," writes the DAAB on its website. And further: "It can therefore be the case that a wine from the same slope, for example, is well tolerated for one year, while the next year is incompatible." Foodstuffs such as hard cheese or smoked fish may also contain a lot of histamine, but in wine the reactions follow more quickly. According to Lämmel, this has to do with the fact that wine is liquid and contains alcohol: "The alcohol increases blood circulation, the substance is absorbed more quickly."
Different for everyone
The expert emphasized that it depends on the substances contained in the wine. One cannot be allergic to red wine per se. For example, wines may have been clarified using chicken egg white or protein from fish bubbles. "Their residues can also trigger reactions," explained Lämmel. If a wine contains milk or egg products, this must be indicated on the label. Above a certain amount, this also applies to sulfites, which can cause coughing and breathlessness in allergy sufferers. If you have a humming skull after enjoying red wine, tannins are often responsible. "Some people get a headache from it." However, according to Lämmel, this varies from person to person.
Try another wine
But what helps against the complaints? According to Lämmel, there is actually only one thing: simply try a different wine, because it depends on the grape and the process of production. People who are sensitive to histamine can alternatively use white wine. According to the German Wine Academy, these contain considerably less histamine than red wines. Regarding nutrition, the DAAB says: "Do not rely on strict nutritional recommendations in the lay press, but on your" gut feeling "and the nutritional recommendations that are guaranteed." (Ad)