A third of Germans don't sleep well, a quarter too little
Lack of sleep jeopardizes health: Those who do not get enough rest at night have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, obesity or diabetes. As a recent study shows, one in four Germans sleeps too little. And about a third of Germans don't sleep well.
Health risk due to lack of sleep
Those who sleep too little endanger their health. Scientific studies have shown that lack of sleep is the cause of diabetes and heart attacks in many cases. This also increases the risk of stroke. In addition, according to researchers, chronic sleep deprivation can lead to a larger waist size and an increased body mass index (BMI) and psychological problems. Around every fourth German does not sleep enough. This emerges from the sleep study 2017 of the Techniker Krankenkasse (TK).
One in three does not sleep well
“Overall, we are a well-rested people: Two out of three adults in the present study indicated that they sleep well or very well. We are concerned about the fact that apparently it is not the case with every third person, ”writes Dr. Jens Baas CEO of the TK in the foreword to the study "Sleep well, Germany".
After that, every third person sleeps only moderately, poorly or very badly.
The study also shows that a quarter of adults (24 percent) in this country do not get the six hours of sleep recommended by health experts.
Man has to relax
As the health insurance company reports in a message, the proportion of poor sleepers among professionals with irregular working hours or shift work is above average.
Of these so-called Flex employees, even 40 percent of the survey participants complain about poor sleep quality, half sleep a maximum of five hours.
“If you don't sleep enough, you get sick. The risk of cardiovascular and stomach complaints, depression and overweight is higher if regular and deep sleep is neglected. The risk of accidents and mistakes in the job increases, ”said Baas.
People have to relax in order to be creative and productive. “The brain sorts its buffer during sleep. To do this, the system has to shut down, which is not possible during ongoing mental operations, ”says the TK boss.
“Especially in a knowledge society like ours, restful sleep is not only important physiologically but also socially. Therefore, we should optimize our sleep behavior, not rationalize it. "
According to the study, the proportion of Flex employees in Germany is now 30 percent. And the demand increases with the demand from consumers to be able to do everything around the clock.
The internal clock cannot be adjusted
Man's internal clock ticks in a day-night rhythm, so it is programmed for activity during the day and rest at night. With all social inclination to self-optimization, it cannot be adjusted.
For example, 42 percent of shift workers in the TK sleep study state that they have conversion and sleep problems if their shift schedule changes. Studies show that employees who work in the same job have different demands at different times.
And: “Many employees are busy with the carousel of thoughts at night. Almost 40 percent see job stress as the main cause that they cannot sleep. Other reasons are mainly private problems with 28 percent and health complaints with 22 percent, ”explained Peter Wendt, market researcher at TK.
Getting through the night well
Those affected can do a lot to help them get through the night well. Experts refer to habits and circumstances that promote healthy sleep as sleep hygiene.
“There is a lot that we can’t, or only with difficulty, influence, such as street noise or our partner’s snoring. The study also shows that even small lifestyle changes can achieve a lot, ”said Dr. Utz Niklas Walter, sleep expert at the Institute for Occupational Health Consulting.
41 percent complain about room temperature, 23 percent consume heavy meals and 15 percent caffeinated drinks before sleep.
In seven percent of adults, the smartphone is on the bedside table or under the pillow. The proportion is particularly high among those under 30: Here, the cell phone disrupts sleep every fifth person.
Tips for a better sleep
Health experts generally advise against prematurely resorting to medication for sleep problems. It is better to try it first with a few tips on how to sleep properly.
A healthy lifestyle and the absence of late meals, coffee, nicotine, alcohol and intensive sports in the evening are conducive to a restful sleep.
It is also helpful to observe regular sleeping times and to reduce your weight in the event of being overweight. Various home remedies for sleep disorders are also useful.
A calming tea made from passion flower or chamomile, for example, has proven its worth to relieve tension. Relaxation techniques such as autogenic training or progressive muscle relaxation can also be effective. (ad)