Fighting symptoms of a cold: what really helps with colds and coughs
Few people get through the autumn and winter months without a cold. For infected people, the main thing is to treat yourself to a lot of rest and to wait until the illness subsides. You can do something about the typical symptoms such as coughing and runny nose. Medicines are usually not necessary.
If you have a cold, you need a lot of rest
Cough, runny nose, hoarseness: A flu-like infection, the "simple" cold, can be caught several times a year. Especially now in the cold season, when the heating air dries out the airways, viruses are easy. If you get infected, the only thing that really helps is to wait, rest and use the right remedies for cold symptoms. Medications are usually not necessary here, tried and true home remedies are usually enough to recover.
Home remedies for cold symptoms
Although there is no herb against colds, there are a few things that really help against the typical symptoms.
It is particularly important to drink a lot. Due to an increased fluid intake, the stubborn mucus dissolves better and the secretions in the nose are diluted.
In addition, this gives the body more fluid, which is lost due to excessive sweating due to the disease.
The additional intake of vitamin C for colds is useless. According to scientific knowledge, such preparations have no influence on the symptoms and the duration of the disease.
Experts explain what can be done about the individual symptoms of an infection.
Do not use nasal sprays too often
When the nose is blocked, some patients quickly use nasal sprays, but many experts believe that such sprays often do less than many simple home remedies for colds, such as inhalations.
Some doctors even point out that such agents favor a stuffy nose. If you use them anyway, you should not do this for too long, otherwise you will get used to it.
Cardiac patients should be particularly careful because some sprays can affect blood pressure.
As an alternative, do nasal irrigation instead of nasal sprays. Or homemade nose drops.
Natural remedies for sore throats
If you have a sore throat, wait and see. As the German Society for General Medicine and Family Medicine (DEGAM) explains in its patient information "Sore throat", over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can alleviate the pain, but natural remedies are often completely sufficient.
"Use mild home remedies that you find beneficial (e.g. neck wrap, gargle with chamomile or sage tea or salt water [dissolve 1/4 teaspoon of table salt in a glass of water])," write the experts.
And further: “Suck a (sage) candy every now and then to moisturize your neck! Treat yourself to rest! Stop smoking! "
Cold cough subsides without medication
In the patient guide "What helps with a cold cough?", DEGAM explains that a cough for a cold can last for several weeks.
"Even without taking medication, a cold cough usually resolves after 2-3 weeks without consequences," said the society.
According to the information, only minor relief from complaints has been demonstrated for myrtol, thyme / ivy or thyme / primrose root preparations.
As a home remedy for cough, pads and wraps have proven their worth.
The latter can also be effective as a home remedy for fever. In the form of a calf wrap.
Medications are not necessary for mild to moderate fever, according to DEGAM. (ad)