According to the first rule, the risk of iron deficiency in girls is increased
Iron deficiency can cause numerous health problems, including dangerous anemia. Girls are exposed to an increased risk of iron deficiency after they have had their first period, the professional association of pediatricians (BVKJ) reports in a current message.
According to the BVKJ, recent studies indicate that girls have an increased risk of iron deficiency and consequent anemia (anemia) in the period after their first period. It could therefore make sense "to test the blood of girls about three years after the first rule for iron deficiency - for example as part of the J2 preventive medical checkup." If necessary, appropriate countermeasures can be taken at an early stage.
Consequences of iron deficiency
Possible consequences of iron deficiency are, according to Dr. Hermann Josef Kahl, pediatrician and adolescent doctor and Federal Press Officer of the BVKJ "Unconcentration, falling school performance, daytime sleepiness, pallor, loss of appetite, brittle fingernails and hair, torn corners of the mouth and chapped lips as well as restless legs or restless leg syndrome." Girls in the first Years after the onset of the period are particularly at risk, especially if they suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding.
Detect and act on iron deficiency
With the help of a blood test, according to Dr. Baldly determine to what extent there is an iron deficiency. If this is the case, "a change in diet and, if necessary, dietary supplements can help to build up a supply in the body again", the expert continues. According to the BVKJ, foods such as meat, green leafy vegetables, beetroot, cress, fish, eggs, whole grain products, legumes and nuts have a high iron content.
Overweight children are also at risk
In addition to girls in the first years after the onset of menstrual periods, overweight and adolescents with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are also at increased risk of iron deficiency, reports the BVKJ. (fp)