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About 95,000 people die of cholera each year
Cholera is a life-threatening diarrheal disease that costs the lives of around 95,000 people every year. The World Health Organization (WHO) is now planning to largely eradicate cholera by 2030. To this end, the WHO experts have drawn up an action plan with around 50 other partners for the countries affected by cholera.
The scientists of the World Health Organization are working to completely eradicate cholera by 2030. A newly created action plan should help here. In general, people should have washing and access to toilets. It is also very important that clean drinking water is available everywhere, the researchers explain. In the event of future cholera outbreaks, an effective vaccine must also be immediately available and sick people should be able to get the medicine they need more quickly. With the options available today, every death from cholera can be avoided, explains Dr. Tedros Adhanom Gebreyesus in the WHO press release.
The number of cholera diseases is to be reduced by 90 percent by 2030
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced that 2.9 million people get cholera each year. Around 95,000 of these people die. By 2030, it is planned that the disease will be completely eradicated in at least 20 of the 60 countries affected by cholera. The number of illnesses is to be reduced by 90 percent by this time.
Combating cholera is associated with considerable costs
Of course, such an action plan is also very expensive. Water and wastewater supply costs around $ 40 per person, an additional vaccine dose costs $ 6, the scientists estimate. Investments in this area are not only used to combat cholera, they also have other far-reaching effects on the lives of people in the countries concerned.
Cholera could be completely eradicated by now
Cholera is a disease that affects particularly poor people. Cholera often overcomes people who live in slums and regions without a fixed infrastructure. The risk of an outbreak of cholera is also increased if these poor countries are also in special conflict situations, such as a civil war. Cholera is completely preventable and could actually have been eradicated long ago, but sadly, the disease still exists in many countries around the world, the experts emphasize.
In which countries does cholera occur?
Cholera is particularly common in countries such as Central Africa and India. The disease also occurs in countries such as Central America and Asia. In Africa alone, around 40 to 80 million people live in areas at risk of cholera, explains WHO Director for Disaster Relief Operations Peter Salama. A particularly strong outbreak of cholera can currently be seen in Yemen. The country is not only affected by a terrible civil war, but people are also increasingly suffering from the dangerous disease. It is estimated that around 750,000 people in Yemen have cholera.
The number of available vaccine doses is greatly increased
A vaccine was developed a few years ago, which has significantly improved the likelihood of eradicating cholera. In 2013, however, only two million doses were available for vaccination, say the WHO researchers. But by the end of 2018, the number could have increased to an impressive 75 million vaccinations, the experts continue. (as)