Cardiovascular diseases cost over 46 billion euros
Cardiovascular diseases are extremely widespread in Germany. This is not only reflected in a high number of deaths, but also leads to massive so-called medical costs. The Federal Statistical Office puts the current cardiovascular diseases at 46.4 billion euros. At 44.4 billion euros, the medical costs for mental and behavioral disorders were almost as high.
According to the Federal Statistical Office, the average cost of illness per capita was 4,140 euros. A significant proportion of these costs can be attributed to cardiovascular diseases and mental disorders, which together make up more than a quarter of the medical costs. Furthermore, diseases of the digestive system and musculoskeletal disorders were also of particular importance and about half of the costs are attributable to these four disease classes, according to the Federal Statistical Office.
Economic cost of diseases
The economic impact of illnesses on the German economy is estimated in the medical expenses calculation, whereby in addition to the direct costs of medical treatment, expenditure for prevention, rehabilitation and care measures is also included. However, comparisons to previous results are only possible to a limited extent due to methodological changes and new data sources, according to the Federal Statistical Office.
A total of 338 billion euros in medical expenses
According to the current evaluation, the medical costs due to cardiovascular diseases were 46.4 billion euros in 2015, which accounts for 13.7 percent of the total medical costs (338.2 billion euros). With 44.4 billion euros, about 13.1 percent of the total medical costs were incurred for mental and behavioral disorders. With 600 euros per capita, men also had higher costs for cardiovascular diseases than women (540 euros). A reverse picture has been shown in diseases of the psyche and behavioral disorders, according to the Federal Statistical Office. Here, the medical costs per capita were around 1.6 times higher for women at 670 euros than for men (420 euros).
Other diseases with high medical costs
According to the Federal Statistical Office, a large part of the medical costs caused by diseases of the digestive system (41.6 billion euros) resulted from dental services and dentures. This area was the third highest cost factor. "Fourth place was followed by musculoskeletal disorders with an amount of 34.2 billion euros," the Federal Statistical Office continues. In addition, new tumors were responsible for around € 23 billion in illness costs (6.8 percent of the total costs), injuries and poisoning for just under € 18 billion (5.3 percent) and diseases of the nervous system for € 17 billion (5.1 percent).
Different medical costs in different age groups
The current statistics also show clear differences in the cost of illness in the various age groups. The costs of illness increase significantly with advancing age. About half of the costs were incurred by the population aged 65 and over, reports the Federal Statistical Office. At € 19,790, the cost of illness for people aged 85 and over was almost five times as high as the average. In the age group of 15 to 29 year olds, however, only 1,670 euros were incurred, which was the lowest per capita cost for the different age groups. (fp)