Medicinal plants already forgotten: horehound is the medicinal plant of 2018

Medicinal plants already forgotten: horehound is the medicinal plant of 2018

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What are the positive effects of horehound on health?
As every year, the University of Würzburg chooses the medicinal plant of the year. This year the experts opted for the hawthorn (Marrubium vulgare). Most people will not know this, and the horehound has many properties that promote health.

The doctors at the University of Würzburg have now chosen horehound as a medicinal medicinal plant for 2018. In today's society, this plant is hardly known as a medicinal plant and is often referred to as white hawthorn or wall hawthorn.

What are the typical identifying features of horehound?
Maple (Marrubium vulgare) was already used by the ancient Greeks and Egyptians. In modern times, the healing effects of the plant have been forgotten. The plant usually grows on the edges of paths, blooms there from June to September and reaches heights of around 30 to 80 cm. The plant has small white flowers and hollow, hairy, square stems. The experts also explain that the undersides of the medicinal plant's serrated leaves are hairy.

What diseases can horehound help with?
Normally, horehound grows in the area from the Mediterranean to Central Asia. But the plant has also existed in Central and Northern Europe for a long time. It is possible to process the entire plant. Horehound contains so-called diterpene bitter substances. The main part of the bitter substances consists of marrubiin. The plant also contains tannins and small amounts of an essential oil. In general, bitter and tannins are said to have a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the components of the plant stimulate gastric acid formation and gastrointestinal movement. So horehound helps against bile problems, bloating, feeling of fullness and loss of appetite.

Indigestion and respiratory diseases can be treated with horehound
Horehound is mostly used for indigestion and respiratory diseases. The plant promotes expectoration, say doctors. The well-known doctor and alchemist Paracelsus already saw the plant as a medicine for the lungs. Hawthorn helps to liquefy stuck viscous bronchial mucus. This way, the mucus can be better removed and coughed up. The essential oil in the plant leads to the determined effect. The plant also helps with so-called mild dyspeptic complaints, such as flatulence and flatulence. The plant can also remedy the occasional loss of appetite, the researchers say. The bitter substances contained lead to an increased flow of bile. However, the experts recommend that the plant should only be used in adults and children over the age of twelve.

In what form can the plant be consumed?
The plant can be taken, for example, in the form of tea. This is then taken three times a day before meals. The tea itself can be made with a teaspoon of hawthorn and the addition of 150 ml of hot water. However, the plant is also available as a finished drug in pharmacies. Such drops are intended to liquefy existing secretions and also have an analgesic and antispasmodic effect. In addition, expectoration of the viscous bronchial mucus is made easier. It is recommended by medical practitioners that adults and children from the age of twelve drink 40 drops three times a day with sufficient liquid before meals. However, a dosage of 120 drops per day should not be exceeded.

Hopefully more people will become aware of horehound in the future
In addition to the positive effects of the bitter substances, the experts also identified so-called analgesic and anti-edematous effects in a model on mice. The hawthorn has been part of our European medical history for around 2000 years and was once one of the most popular medicinal plants, the experts explain. Perhaps the award for the medicinal plant of 2018 will lead to horehound becoming a frequently used natural remedy even today. (as)

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