Toothbrush check-up: tips for choosing the right model
When buying a new toothbrush, most people feel overwhelmed due to the diverse product range. Not only the large range of brands, but also the different brush types cause confusion. "In addition to regular use, the basis for optimal oral hygiene is above all the correct selection of a suitable toothbrush," says Dr. Christoph Sliwowski, Head of the Dental Implant Clinic Düsseldorf at St. Vinzenz Hospital. The dental expert explains which type is suitable for whom below.
In addition to ordinary hand and electric rotating toothbrushes, other models such as sonic and ultrasonic toothbrushes can now be found in the bathroom. Sonic toothbrushes set their brush heads in motion with high-frequency mechanical vibrations. With 30,000 vibrations per minute, they produce up to ten times as many as conventional rotary toothbrushes.
But it can be done even faster: Ultrasonic toothbrushes produce electromagnetic waves with a frequency of 1.6 million pulses per second and therefore clean much more effectively. Further advantages: Annoying scrubbing is eliminated and the sponge-like attachment glides along the teeth without exerting pressure. "This gentle procedure is particularly useful for recurring gum problems or for implant wearers," explains Dr. Christoph Sliwowski.
In general, electric toothbrushes achieve better cleaning results compared to the hand model and are therefore the better choice for older people and children with declining or rough hand motor skills. However, if you have the right technology and take enough time, you will also achieve the desired results with the inexpensive manual toothbrush .
Spotlight on bristles
The choice of bristles is one of the most important requirements for careful oral hygiene. Those who pay attention to a soft to medium-hard texture prevent the risk of injury to the gums. Rounded plastic bristles are also recommended, as organic natural bristles contain cavities and are considered to be bacteria carriers. "From a hygienic point of view, materials such as nylon are best suited because bacteria and germs are very difficult to adhere to them," emphasizes Dr. Christoph Sliwowski. With a small bristle field, the posterior molars can also be easily reached. To better reach the area between the teeth, crossed positions or so-called high-low profiles are recommended.
Even the best toothbrushes do not fully grasp the spaces that are difficult to access. Therefore, further aids are needed to protect yourself from caries bacteria as best as possible. Oral irrigators roughly remove stuck food residues with a water jet. Subsequent fine work is done with dental floss or interdental brushes. Finally, mouthwashes are used for a lasting feeling of freshness. "Despite all the measures, an annual visit to the dentist is essential and should therefore not be noticed only when there is acute pain," explains Dr. Christoph Sliwowski in conclusion.