Avoid periodontitis, but how? Dentists: Thorough dental hygiene helps prevent periodontitis
Periodontitis (not to be confused with periodontitis) is very common. The disease can lead to irreversible destruction of the tooth structure. In addition, periodontitis promotes a number of systemic diseases. Prevention is very simple.
Periodontitis more common than tooth decay
According to Dietmar Oesterreich, periodontitis as a chronic inflammation of the tooth structure is more widespread than the generally feared caries. The condition is characterized by symptoms such as bleeding gums, sensitive tooth necks, gum recession, bad breath and loose teeth. If the periodontitis is not treated, the inflammation and a corresponding loss of bone can be expected, whereby not only the loss of the teeth but in the worst case risk of a systemic disease caused by the inflammation, warns the specialist.
Bleeding gums and bad breath Warning signs of periodontitis As soon as signs of periodontitis such as bleeding gums or sensitive tooth necks appear, those affected should urgently consult a dentist, because the mostly chronic inflammation is associated with a considerable health risk, warns Dr. Dietmar Oesterreich, Vice President of the Federal Dental Association. Bacteria in the oral cavity lead to an infection, the symptoms of which are initially barely noticeable and gradually develop into a chronic illness.
These bacteria “don't buzz around in the oral cavity, but stick to the teeth in a so-called biofilm,” explained Sabine Köhler from the medical advice service of the dentists. Dr. According to Austria, too many people think: “A little bleeding gums doesn't matter.” Those affected should be aware that as soon as all teeth are affected there is an “approximately palm-sized wound” in the mouth, “caused by the bacteria in the body can reach and against which the body has to defend itself, ”warned the specialist.
Causes of periodontitis In addition to poor oral hygiene, the reasons for periodontitis include smoking, stress and genetic disposition, but other general diseases can also play a role. If the plaque in the recesses between the gums and tooth is not carefully removed during tooth cleaning, the metabolic products of the bacteria attack the hem epithelium and this leads to the inflammation known as periodontitis.
According to the experts, around 40 percent of people in Germany are affected by moderate periodontitis, although the risk of illness increases significantly with increasing age and almost every German suffers from periodontitis in old age. Sabine Köhler emphasized that in older patients, more teeth have to be extracted due to periodontitis than due to caries. The mostly chronic inflammation can be avoided, however, if one responds to the first symptoms with appropriate treatment, emphasized Dr. Dietmar Austria.
Measures to treat periodontitis To prevent the spread of periodontitis, according to the experts, thorough dental care is the measure of all things. In addition, according to Sabine Köhler, regular visits to the dentist are recommended, for people who "regularly go to the dentist for preventive care, they will recognize the beginning of periodontitis". In addition, regular professional tooth cleaning can help reduce bacterial exposure in the mouth and prevent the occurrence of chronic inflammation.
In the case of periodontitis, dentists have a variety of technical procedures at their disposal to remove the biofilm from their teeth and to clean the gum pockets, Austria explains. In addition, in acute inflammation, mouthwash based on the agent chlorhexidine is recommended to kill the bacteria in the mouth. If the periodontitis is already too advanced, parts of the inflamed gums may have to be surgically removed, the expert added.
Periodontitis is normally covered by the health insurance company, although the periodontal screening index (PSI) is used by statutory health insurance (GKV) every two calendar years to determine periodontitis.
Periodontitis in Naturopathy In addition to the dental procedures, naturopathy knows various methods with which success has already been achieved in the treatment of periodontitis. For example, naturopathy recommends treatment with fresh plant drops (from sage, chamomile, tin herb, coneflower, poplar peppermint oil) for rinsing the mouth, gemmo therapy with a currant bud macerate as a mouth spray, but phytotherapy with marigold tea or tinctures for rinsing the mouth also procedures for regulating the acid-base balance and acupuncture massages according to Prenzel. In addition, periodontitis in naturopathy is also linked to nutrition and certain problems in the intestine, so that a change in diet is also part of the naturopathic treatment approaches. (sb, fp)