Anyone suffering from migraines and cluster headaches will want a simple headache. There are medicines, but most of all, patients have to learn to get used to the pain.
More than 360 different headaches
Headache is not the same as headache, according to Prof. Hartmut Göbel from the Pain Clinic in Kiel there are over 360 different types of headache.
Like a thunderclap
A mysterious headache hits those affected like a thunderbolt, and that's why it's called
primary thunderbolt headache. The cause is still unknown. Above all, the doctor must rule out a serious illness, because dangerous illnesses show similar symptoms. This includes bleeding from the brain and tumors.
The rarer headaches are secondary headaches. Here's the headache symptom of another physical ailment. The cause can be organ damage, stimulants or medication. For example, the notorious hangover after alcohol intoxication is a secondary headache.
More common are the "real" headaches, known in medicine as the primary headache. Here the headache is primarily headache and even the disease.
The sleep-bound headache
These primary headaches include sleep-bound headaches. Here the headache occurs in attacks during sleep.
Migraines are also a primary headache. Every fifth person is affected. The pain is one-sided, hampers those affected enormously, pounding and requires bed rest.
How does a migraine surge go?
Those affected are sick, vomit and become extremely sensitive to light, noise and smells. Such attacks can last from a few hours to three days.
Certain triggers can trigger a migraine surge, including stress, light, music, or alcohol. Changing weather can also be a trigger.
Little helps against migraines. You can, however, prevent in moderation through a structured daily routine. This includes eating at the same times, adequate sleep and breaks. Sports such as cycling, hiking or swimming also keep the pain at bay.
Those affected perceived this pain as oppressive. In contrast to migraines, they often occur on both sides. They are called tension headaches because they arise from tension in the muscles and nerves. Typical are, for example, bilateral headaches after spending the day in front of the laptop.
What to do?
Tension headaches can be prevented and often even remedied by massage, exercise and fresh air. To prevent them, incorporate relaxation exercises, trunk bends and exercises from the strength studio into the daily schedule. Go for a walk and breathe in the fresh air.
This pain is very rare, but extremely uncomfortable. Prof. Göbel compares the feeling with a knife that is stuck in the head by an eye.
How long does a cluster headache last?
Such a cluster headache lasts between 15 minutes and 3 hours and occurs up to eight times a day - hence the term cluster.
What are the symptoms?
With cluster headache, an eyelid often hangs down, the eye tears and the nose runs. The attacks are one-sided on the eye, forehead and temple. In addition, there are reddened eyes, sweating on the face, narrowed pupils, swollen eyelids, physical restlessness.
How is cluster headache treated?
The patients are given triptans or oxygen. Cortisone is used for prevention. (Dr. Utz Anhalt)