Why can an early Caesarean section lead to health problems for newborns?
When babies are born prematurely, there are various health risks. Researchers have now found that babies born prematurely by caesarean section are more likely to develop problems with metabolism, hormones, and the endocrine system, which can lead to diabetes and obesity.
The researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel found that early Caesarean section birth increased the likelihood of diabetes in babies. The doctors released a press release on the results of their study.
Premature babies are more likely to have problems with metabolism and hormones
If babies are delivered early with the help of a caesarean section, this increases the risk of problems with metabolism and hormones as well as the endocrine system. These problems can in turn cause those affected to develop diabetes and other diseases later in life, the experts explain.
Premature babies are more likely to develop obesity
In other words, if mothers choose to have a Caesarean birth early in life, the baby will have an increased risk of developing diabetes and obesity later in life, the authors explain. The results of the study show that if babies are born just two weeks early, the risk of diabetes and obesity increases.
Premature babies have an increased risk of shortening life expectancy
This also means that children are at higher risk of premature death due to health problems. The scientists warned that selective caesarean sections performed too early can endanger children's health.
Premature babies more often develop endocrine and metabolic problems up to the age of 18
The results of the study showed that premature babies up to the age of 18 were more likely to have endocrine and metabolic problems compared to children born at normal time. This risk is particularly high at the age of five years or older, explains author Professor Eyal Sheiner from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
Preterm infants are more likely to have type 1 diabetes
The researchers also found in their study that premature babies later than age five had much higher rates of type 1 diabetes. This form of the disease usually develops in childhood or adolescence. Affected by the disease suffer from a deficiency in the body's hormone insulin. As the disease progresses, the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas die. For this reason, the blood sugar level rises and those affected have no choice but to inject insulin from this point on. So type 1 diabetes is not dependent on a person's lifestyle factors.
Behavioral problems due to premature birth?
Last but not least, doctors suspect that premature babies, even those born just a few weeks early, can develop long-term health and behavior problems. (as)